Sometimes your patient may feel more comfortable consulting a mental health clinician from a similar cultural and/or linguistic background as their own. This approach will not necessarily suit every patient, however, if you believe that your patient could benefit from seeing someone from a similar background the following organisations can help you find bilingual and bicultural mental health professionals. 


Directories of mental health professionals



Other peak bodies of professional or ethnic groups as well as Migrant Resource Centres and religious organisations may also be able to assist you to locate appropriate service providers. Visit Specialist Services for Migrants and Refugees for more information. 

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Further Reading


Cabral, R. R., & Smith, T. B. (2011). Racial/ethnic matching of clients and therapists in mental health services: A meta-analytic review of preferences, perceptions, and outcomes. Journal of Counseling Psychology 58(4), 537–554.

Mollersen, S., et al. (2009). Effects of client and therapist ethnicity and ethnic matching: A prospective naturalistic study of outpatient mental health treatment in Northern Norway. Nordic Journal of Psychiatry 63(3): 246-255.

Sawrikar, P. (2013). A qualitative study on the pros and cons of ethnically matching culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) client families and child protection caseworkers. Children and Youth Services Review 35(2): 321-331.

Steinfeldt, J.A., Clay, S.L. & Priester, P.E. (2020) Prevalence and perceived importance of racial matching in the psychotherapeutic dyad: a national survey of addictions treatment clinical practices. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 15, 76

Ziguras, S., et al. (2003). Ethnic matching of clients and clinicians and use of mental health services by ethnic minority clients. Psychiatric Services 54(4): 535-541.

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